Women in India earn about 10% more than men, according to a new study by the National Institute of Statistics and Programme Implementation (NISPAI).
The study, conducted by the NISPAU study team, found that women in the country earned more than 7.4 million rupees ($9,000) in the last year from their work in India, the highest in the world.
The gender gap in earnings, however, narrowed in the past decade, from 7.3% in 2002 to 5.4% in 2017, the study found.
Women also earn more in the agricultural sector than men do, with the difference of 5.1% in the 10 years to 2017.
However, the average gender gap for men in the industry is 5.6%.
The NISPARI study, which was conducted by NISSAI, the Indian Statistical Research Institute, the National Centre for Statistics (NCS) and the Institute of Engineering and Technology of India (IIET), also found that the gap between the genders in the service sector, including those in manufacturing, was wider in recent years, with a gender gap of 11.1%.
The study also found, however that the gender gap has decreased since 2004.
The study analysed data from various government data repositories, and found that in the financial year between June 2014 and March 2017, Indian women earned more money than their husbands, on average, with an average annual income of 6.8 million rupee.
However in the previous financial year, the gap was 11.6%, according to the NISAI.
The difference was highest for men, who earned 4.8% less than their wives.
The study did not examine the gender pay gap in private sector, which is often considered as a proxy for gender wage gap in the Indian labour market.
The NISAIs study also examined the gender gaps in education, employment and earnings in the labour force, with women earning 7.5% less in education than men.
The average income for men is 13.6% less.
In the private sector sector, women earned 6.4%, on average.
The gap in this sector, however narrowed between 2002 and 2017, from 8.3%.
The study also looked at the gender wage gaps in the public sector, with men earning 12.2% less income in the private and public sectors than women.
The mean earnings for men are 12.1%, compared to 10.6 for women.